By R. Kent Rasmussen
A number of American Indian tribes are surveyed from precedent days to the 20 th century during this reference assortment. The assurance beings with evaluate essays at the ten significant cultural/geographical parts: Arctic, California, nice Basin, Northeast, Northwest Coast, Plains, Plateau, Southeast, Southwest, and Subarctic. those are via greater than three hundred alphabetically prepared entries on person tribes. The set concludes with ten appendices: academic associations and courses; gala's and Pow-wows; Museums, files, and Libraries; businesses, firms, and Societies; Populations of U.S. Reservations; Reservations: US; Reserves and Bands: Canada; Time Line; Mediagraphy; and Bibliography. the ultimate merchandise during this impressive paintings is a finished topic index
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Extra info for American Indian Tribes (2 Volume Set)
Even insects, such as crickets, locusts, ants, and grasshoppers, were collected. In some areas, larvae would accumulate in large mounds on beaches, and these were dried and stored in baskets or grass-lined pits for winter consumption. Hunting was often done by individuals, rather than groups, using sinewbacked bows; in these instances the ability to stalk was more important than marksmanship. Rabbits and insects, however, were hunted in large collective drives that forced game into bush barriers, where they were killed.
The characteristic warring urge of such Plains nomads resulted in serious intertribal disputes, the best known resulting in the reduction and forced relocation of the Pawnee people after multiple encounters with representatives of the Sioux Nation. The simplicity of the material culture of the Plains Indians was to some degree offset by the complexity of some of their social and cultural patterns. A number of honorary societies, ranging from warrior groups through “headmen” societies (elders who had distinguished themselves earlier as warriors or leaders), provided means for identifying individuals of importance emerging from each family or clan within the tribe.
Although some naturalistic or animalistic representations appear in both the pecked and painted art, most of the work appears in abstract styles, possibly with religious significance. Artistic expression also manifested itself in body painting, beads, and clothing. Because the mild climate permitted men to go naked and women to wear a simple apron, clothing was limited. In colder weather, animal skins and furs provided the raw material for woven blankets or robes and provided some opportunity for creative artistry, usually with decorative uses of feathers.