By Brian C. Black Ph.D., Richard Flarend
As this booklet makes transparent, civilization can't lengthy proceed to journey on an oil slick. all over the world, many of us have come to determine dependence on coal, and particularly on oil, not just as unsustainable, yet as profoundly destabilizing, either environmentally and politically. whereas ever-increasing calls for stay put on "mainstream" power resources, habitual makes an attempt were made to generate energy in "alternative" methods. After retracing a few of these efforts, this succinct and traditionally knowledgeable quantity explores the continued debate over replacement strength that amassed power within the twentieth century, displaying how that discuss mirrors better attitudes towards strength and intake. Like different volumes during this sequence, replacement strength is designed to supply fabric for scholar reviews and debate arguments. it's an exceptional sourcebook for these attracted to investigating the issues and clients of different fuels.
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Extra resources for Alternative Energy (Historical Guides to Controversial Issues in America)
Gasoline can also be made from coal, using a process known as coal-toliquids (CTL) or liquefaction. CTL is an old technology developed by Germany during WWII to provide fuels when access to petroleum became difficult. Today this technology is profitable, as it is cheaper to make gasoline from coal than from petroleum when oil is over $100 per barrel. This technology is not being pursued in the United States, but has been in South Africa, where the equivalent of 60 million barrels of oil per year come from local coal.
Electricity is the key to making the many raw energy sources exchangeable. Electricity is the most flexible energy source and can be used very efficiently for just about any use. Electricity is already used as an intermediate energy for many devices, but transportation and commercial/residential heating are two exceptions in which electricity is not generally involved. Any raw energy source can be used to generate electricity. 3. 3 Overall Efficiency of Different Ways to Use Natural Gas Note: Utilities can use natural gas to produce electricity, and the consumer can then use the generated electricity to produce heat.
Humans have defined this terminology as they have determined what sources were primary. This terminology is, of course, a cultural construction, defined and adjusted by people at a specific juncture in time. Therefore, when wind was the prime mover for all milling in Europe during the 14th century, it was not known as an alternative source. Instead, it was a remarkable vehicle for human progress that evidenced a community’s development and expansion. In short, then, this chapter depicts the construction of an energy-intensive culture over many generations and cultures of the human species.