By Howard Spodek
In the twentieth century, Ahmedabad was once India's "shock city." It used to be where the place a number of the nation's most crucial advancements happened first and with the best intensity—from Gandhi's political and exertions organizing, in the course of the development of cloth, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, to globalization and the sectarian violence that marked the flip of the recent century. occasions that occurred there resonated through the kingdom, for greater and for worse. Howard Spodek describes the hobbies that swept the town, telling their tale in the course of the careers of the lads and ladies who led them.(2012)
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Extra resources for Ahmedabad: Shock City of Twentieth-Century India
Coalitions built on class and caste interests, usually proposed by the Congress and by parties friendly to it, proved explosive. Others—notably the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) and its militantly Hindu allies—attempted to build a coalition on the basis of Hindutva, a merger of militant Hinduism and politics. In 1990, BJP Hindutva militants led a procession across north India designed to reach and destroy a 500-year old mosque. indd 12 2/18/11 10:34:28 AM Introduction birthplace of Lord Rama.
By this time, however, Ramanbhai had broken with the Gandhians. He accepted the government appointment as chair of the Committee of Management. In Gandhi’s first few years in Ahmedabad, he and Ramanbhai developed deep personal respect for one another. Both were lawyers, knowledgeable of British law in India, and believers in the British commitment ultimately to leave India. Both were deeply involved in public life. Both took strong public stands against untouchability. In 1912 Ramanbhai had participated in a celebrated dinner in Bombay hosted by the Aryan Brotherhood, in which two untouchables also participated.
In 1899, it designated sixteen acres to be set aside as open-air spaces planted with trees and shrubs. Gardens were planted within the walls in the Karanj, between the Bhadra Fort and Three Gates, and outside at Kankaria. In 1902, the Victoria Memorial Garden was opened adjacent to the city side of the Ellis bridge. A trickle of upper- and middle-class residential movement to suburban locations outside and to the north of the walls, and even across the river to Ellisbridge, had also begun. ”12 The British took credit for the move outside the walls as a tribute to the law, order, and feeling of safety that their takeover in 1818 brought to the city, and as the maps indicate, the city was steadily acquiring land outside its walls.